Bibliographie sur les méthodes de recherche en technologie éducative

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Manuel de recherche en technologie éducative
Source à citer: EduTechWiki (fr)
brouillon débutant
2021/04/10 ⚒⚒ 2015/03/27

Cette bibliographie comprend d’abord quelques manuels choisis à des fins de lectures supplémentaires. Nous incluons également des introductions spécialisées ainsi que des références pour les exemples que nous avons utilisés. Pour le moment, il manque des ouvrages en français.


Les livres ci-dessous devraient convenir aux débutants. Parmi ceux-ci, «Leedy and Ormrod» est probablement l’un des meilleurs livres au départ, car il introduit la conception de la recherche dans son ensemble.

  • American Education Research Association (2006). Standards for reporting on empirical social science research in AERA publications. Educational Research, 35(6) 33-40.
  • Bell, Judith (2005). Doing Your Research Project: A Guide for First-Time Researchers in Education and Social Science, 4th edition, Buckingham: Open University Press, ISBN 0335215041
  • Bolker, Joan (1998). Writing Your Dissertation in Fifteen Minutes a Day: A Guide to Starting, Revising, and Finishing, Holt Paperbacks, ISBN 080504891X
  • Cohen, Louis , Lawrence Manion , Keith Morrison (2007). Research Methods in Education, 6th ed. Routledge, ISBN 0415368782.
  • Creswell, John W. (2002). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (2nd Edition), Sage Publications, ISBN 0761924426
  • Creswell, John W. (2004). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research, Prentice Hall; 3rd edition. ISBN 0136135501 - Companion web site
  • Järvinnen, (2004), On research methods, Tampere: Opinpajan Kirja. (Methods book for ICT-related issues, good but difficult and dense reading])
  • Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2005). Practical research: Planning and design (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. ISBN 0131108956 (This is our recommended general purpose textbook about research design)
  • Newman, Lawrence (2003). Basics of Social Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Allyn & Bacon, ISBN 0205355781
  • Newman, Lawrence (2005). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 6th edition. Allyn & Bacon, ISBN 0205457932
  • Peters (1997) Getting What You Came For: A Smart Student's Guide to Earning a Masters or Ph.D.
  • Sall, N. H. (sans date). Ingénierie de la recherche. Chaire UNESCO Sciences de l'éducation CUSE/FASTEF/UCAD Dakar, Sénégal.
  • Steiner, E. (1988). Methodology of Theory Building. Sydney: Educology Research Associates.

Approches quantitatives

Recherche quasi-expérimentale

  • Campbell, Donald T. and Stanley, Julian (1963). Experimental And Quasi-experimental Designs For Research, Rand McNally, Chicago ISBN 0395307872. (Very old, but still relevant)
  • Cook, Thomas, K. and Campbell, Donald T. (1979). Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings, Houghton Mifflin Company, ISBN-10 0395307902

Recherche expérimentale

  • Box, George E. P.; William G. Hunter; J. Stuart Hunter and William Gordon Hunter (2005). Statistics for Experimenters: Design, Innovation, and Discovery, 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0471718130. (Rather difficult reading).

Enquêtes par questionnaire

  • DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale development: theory and applications. Applied social research methods series Volume 26. Thousand oaks, London, Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Fowler, Floyd, J. (2001) Survey Research Methods, Sage Publications, ISBN 0761921915


Elementary Concepts in Statistics (Statsoft), retrieved 12 March 2009 from

  • Field, A. P. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS (second edition). London: Sage publications. ISBN 0-7619-4452-4. (Good introduction to statistics book for beginners, and help with SPSS too).
  • Hinton, D. P. R. (2004). Statistics Explained: A Guide for Social Science Students (2nd ed.). Routledge. ISBN 0415332850 (This is a good technical-mathematical introduction to statistics)

Etudes de cas

  • Merriam, Sharan B. (1997) Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education, Jossey-Bass, ISBN 0787910090
  • Stake, Robert Earl (1995). The Art Of Case Study Research, Sage Publications, ISBN 080395767X
  • Yin, R.K. (2002) Case Study Research - Design And Methods. Third edition. Sage Publications, ISBN 0761925538 (first edition was in 1984).


  • Bevan, N., Claridge, N., Fröhlich, P., Granlund, Å., Kirakowski, J., Tscheligi, M. (2002). UsabilityNet: Usability support network.

Théorie de la science

  • Kuhn, T.S. "The Function of Dogma in Scientific Research". Pp. 347-69 in A. C. Crombie (ed.). Scientific Change

Qualitative research

  • Coffey, Amanda, Holbrook,B. Atkinson, P., Qualitative Data Analysis: Technologies and Representations, School of Social and Administrative Studies, University of Wales, Cardiff.
  • De Wever, B.; T. Schellens, M. Valcke and H. Van Keer. Content analysis schemes to analyze transcripts of online asynchronous discussion groups: A review. Computers & Education 46 (2006) 6-28
  • Denzin, Norman K. and Yvonna S. Lincoln (eds) (). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research, Sage Publications. ISBN 0761927573
  • Dey, I. (1993). Qualitative Data Analysis. Routledge, London.
  • Glaser, Barney G. (1992) Basics of grounded theory analysis: emergence vs forcing. Mill Valley, Ca.: Sociology Press.
  • Henri, F. (1992). Computer conferencing and content analysis. In A. R. Kaye (Ed.), Collaborative learning through computer conferencing. The Najadan Papers (pp. 117-136). London: Springer-Verlag.
  • Lombard, Matthew; Jennifer Snyder-Duch and Cheryl Campanella Bracken (2008). Practical Resources for Assessing and Reporting Intercoder Reliability in Content Analysis Research Projects, Retrieved from, accessed 7 October 2008.
  • Marshall, C. & Rossman, G. B. (1995) , Designing Qualitative Research, second edition, Sage, London
  • Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. Sage. ISBN 0803955405 (This is still the cookbook for structured qualitative analysis.)
  • Strauss, Anselm, and Corbin, Juliet (1990) Basics of qualitative research: grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park: Sage.

Recherche design

  • Boot, Eddy W.; Jon Nelson, Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer, Andrew S. Gibbons (2007). Stratification, elaboration and formalisation of design documents: Effects on the production of instructional materials, British Journal of Educational Technology 38 (5), 917-933. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2006.00679.x
  • Derntl, Michael & Renate Motschnig (2007). coUML - A Visual Language for Modeling Cooperative Environments. in L. Botturi & T. Stubbs, Handbook of Visual Languages for Instructional Design: Theories and Practices, Information Science Reference, 155-184. ISBN 1599047292.
  • Järvinnen, (2004), On research methods, Tampere: Opinpajan Kirja. [Methods book for ICT-related issues, good but difficult and dense reading]
  • Nielsen, J. (1993), Usability engineering, Boston: AP professional.
  • Nielsen, J. 1994. Usability inspection methods. In Conference Companion on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Boston, Massachusetts, United States, April 24 - 28, 1994). C. Plaisant, Ed. CHI '94. ACM, New York, NY, 413-414.


Below are the references of various articles and other papers used as examples. Our choice of example was guided by didactic principles, e.g. we chose these to illustrate a principle or in the case of review assignments for their simplicity and on-line availability. In other words, this selection is not representative of research in educational technology.

  • Cobos, Ruth and Manoli Pifarre, Collaborative knowledge construction in the web supported by the KnowCat system, Computers & Education, Volume 50, Issue 3, , April 2008, Pages 962-978.
  • Deryakulu, Deniz & Olkun, Sinan (2007). Analysis of Computer Teachers? Online Discussion Forum Messages about their Occupational Problems. Educational Technology & Society, 10 (4), 131-142.
  • Dolmans, D.H.J.M.; H.A.P.Wolfhagen, A.J.J.A. Scherpbier & C.P.M. Van Der Vleuten, (2003). Development of an instrument to evaluate the effectiveness of teachers in guiding small groups, Higher Education 46: 431-446,
  • Eilon, Batia and Kliachko, Sarah (2004). The Contribution of a Substance-Oriented Forum to the Study of Human Biology in Science Teacher Education, Journal of Technology and Teacher Education (2004) 12(1), 5-24.
  • Gunawerda, C.N., & Zittle, F.J. (1997). Social presence as a predictor of satisfaction within a computer-mediated conferencing environment. The American journal of distance education, 11(3), 8-26.
  • Kelland, Jennifer H. and Heather Kanuka (2007). “We just disagree:” Using deliberative inquiry to seek consensus about the effects of e-learning on higher education, Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 33 (3).
  • Knoepfel, P. (1996) Définition des prestations au sens de produits finaux de mise en oeuvre d’une politique publique, TQM et fédéralisme, Cahier de l’IDHEAP, 159, p 10]
  • Lockhorst, D., Admiraal, W., Pilot, A., & Veen, W. (2003). Analysis of electronic communication using 5 different perspectives. Paper presented at ORD 2003 (in Heerlen).
  • OECED (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) (2009), PISA 2006 TECHNICAL REPORT. ISBN 978-92-64-04808-9. Also available as PDF from the PISA website.
  • Pena-Shaff and C. Nicholls (2004). Analyzing student interactions and meaning construction in computer bulletin board discussions, Computers & Education 42 (2004), pp. 243?265. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2003.08.003
  • Taylor, P. and Maor, D. (2000). Assessing the efficacy of online teaching with the Constructivist On-Line Learning Environment Survey. In A. Herrmann and M.M. Kulski (Eds), Flexible Futures in Tertiary Teaching. Proceedings of the 9th Annual Teaching Learning Forum, 2-4 February 2000. Perth: Curtin University of Technology.
  • Thiétart, R-A. & al. (1999). Méthodes de recherche en management, Dunod, Paris.

Ressources en ligne

Ces ressources de recherche en ligne incluent des didacticiels en ligne et des sites Web méthodologiques utiles. Il existe de nombreux sites Web utiles et nous ne présenterons ici qu'une toute petite sélection.

Collections de liens


Théories, modèles, cadre d'analyse, modèles ... que quoi parle t'on ?

  • Passey, D. (2020). Theories, theoretical and conceptual frameworks, models and constructs: Limiting research outcomes through misconceptions and misunderstandings. Studies in Technology Enhanced Learning, 1(1).
  • Willett, G. (1996). Paradigme, théorie, modèle, schéma: qu’est-ce donc?. Communication et organisation, (10).</ref> permettent de distinguer ces différents concepts et leurs apports potentiels dans un travail de recherche mais aussi d'éclairer sur la façon dont une recherche peut contribuer à la connaissance ou à la théorie.

General introductions to research methodology

  • Bill Trochim's nice Knowledge Base. This web-based text-book is a good place to start for quantitative research (including statistics)
  • Research Methods, by Christopher L. Heffner. This ten chapter research methods text is written for both undergraduate and graduate students in education, psychology, and the social sciences. It focuses on the basics of research design and the critical analysis of professional research in the social sciences from developing a theory, selecting subjects, and testing subjects to performing statistical analysis and writing the research report.
  • Shields, Patricia and Hassan Tajalli. 2006. Intermediate Theory: The Missing Link to successful Student Scholarship. Journal of Public Affairs Education. Vol. 12, No. 3: 313-334.


There are many tutorials on the web. If you are not happy with this little choice, consult for example.

Qualitative Research methods

Design methodology


Data and Theory

Data and Question Archives

Finding research articles on the Internet

It is increasingly easy to find academic materials on the Internet. However, for many resources you (or your institution) has to pay.

Open access journals

Most universities have institutional subscription for many journals, but some do not. Luckily, there exists an increasing set of so-called “open-access” on-line journals and that you can consult without any fees.

Good open access journals in educational technology are:


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